ارزیابی صفات عملکردی، کیفی و کلسترول تخم‌مرغ، فراسنجه‌های بیوشیمیایی خون و تعادل آنتی‌اکسیدانی مرغ‌های تخم‌گذار تغذیه شده با تفاله هسته انار و مولتی‌آنزیم

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی- تغذیه طیور

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران.

2 بیرجند

چکیده

هدف تحقیق حاضر مطالعه اثر تفاله هسته انار و مولتی‌آنزیم بر صفات عملکردی، کیفی و کلسترول تخم‌مرغ، فراسنجه‌های بیوشیمیایی خون و وضعیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی مرغ‌های تخم‌گذار در مرحله اوج تولید بود. در این تحقیق از تعداد 200 قطعه مرغ تخم‌گذار سویه‌های‌– لاین W-36 در مرحله اوج تولید با سن 32 هفتگی در 4 تیمار و 5 تکرار و 10 قطعه مرغ در هر تکرار استفاده شد. آزمایش در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی در سه دوره 28 روزه به مدت 12 هفته اجرا شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل سطوح صفر، 4، 7 و 10 درصد تفاله هسته انار به همراه 50 گرم مولتی‌آنزیم روابیو در هر تن خوراک بود. تحلیل داده‌ها نشان داد که تفاله انار درصد تولید، وزن تخم‌مرغ، توده تخم‌مرغ و ضریب تبدیل خوراک را بهبود بخشید. صفات کیفی تخم‌مرغ نیز شامل شاخص شکل تخم‌مرغ، شاخص زرده، شاخص رنگ زرده، وزن نسبی پوسته و وزن مخصوص تحت تأثیر تفاله انار قرار نگرفتند ولی تفاله انار واحد هاو و وزن نسبی سفیده را افزایش داد و سطح 4 درصد تفاله هسته انار نیز ضخامت پوسته و مقاومت پوسته را افزایش داد با افزایش سطح تفاله هسته انار سطوح تری‌گلیسرید، LDL تخم‌مرغ و کلسترول خون و غلظت مالون دی‌آلدئید خون به‌طور معنی‌داری کاهش یافت. بنابراین، افزودن تفاله هسته انار همراه با مولتی‌آنزیم تأثیر منفی بر عملکرد و صفات تولیدی و صفات کیفی تخم‌مرغ ندارد بلکه در مواردی باعث بهبود تولید و کاهش هزینه جیره نیز می‌شود و می‌تواند تا سطح 10 درصد همراه با آنزیم به جیره مرغ تخم‌گذار در جهت کاهش کلسترول خون و بهبود وضعیت ضداکسیدانی خون افزوده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Performance and Egg Quality Parameters Effect of Pomegranate Pulp on of Laying Hens in Peak Production

نویسندگان [English]

  • seyyed javad Hosseini-vashan 1
  • Taherh Ghaznavi 2
1 Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran.
2 University of Birjand
چکیده [English]

Introduction: One of the main sections of charges in poultry production is the cost of the ration. Thus, the producers are continuously looking to find new compounds that using in poultry diets with low prices. Usage the agricultural and food industry by-products are new strategies to reduce the environmental contamination and animal diet costs. Pomegranate granatum is a fruit from the punicaceae family. The pomegranate pulp is a by-product that has valuable components for poultry nutrition involved protein, fat, Ash and bioactive compounds. Pomegranate pulp has punicallagin, ellagic acid, tannic acid, flavonoid and anthocyanin. The usage of antibiotic in poultry production was banned because they have several negative effects on poultry and human. Therefore, the medicinal herb contained flavonoid and polyphenolic compounds were extremely increased. An experiment was designed to evaluate the effects of pomegranate pulp and Multi- Enzyme on performance parameters, egg quality, eggshell parameters, egg lipid profiles, blood lipid profile, and the blood concentration of malondialdehyde in peak production of laying hens.
Materials and Methods: A total 200 of Hy-Line W-36 at peak production with 32 weeks were selected and allotted to 20 experimental units. The dietary treatments were included the levels of 0, 4, 7 and 10 % of pomegranate pulp with 5gr of multi-enzyme WX. The egg production, egg weight, egg mass feed intake, and feed conversion ratio were weekly recorded. The egg quality parameters involved egg shape, yolk index, yolk color index and haugh unit, the relative weight of yolk and white were determined three consecutive periods (each 28 days). As the same periods, the eggshell parameters such as; eggshell weight, eggshell thickness, specific gravity, and eggshell resistance were evaluated. The egg cholesterol was determined. At the end of experiments, the bloods of two birds from each replication were gathered. The blood plasma was prepared. The blood lipid, total protein, and malondialdehyde were determined by auto analyzer instrument. The data were analyzed with the general linear model by SAS software. The mean differences among treatments were studied by Tukey's test (P

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Egg quality
  • Layers
  • Malondialdehyde
  • Performance
  • Pomegranate pulp
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