1- Al‐Murrani, W. 1982. Effect of injecting amino acids into the egg on embryonic and subsequent growth in the domestic fowl. British Poultry Science, 23(2):171-174.
2- Aviagen. 2007. Nutrition Specification for Ross 308. Aviagen Limited, Newbridge Scotland.
3- Bhanja, S., A. Mandal, S. Agarwal, and S. Majumdar. 2008. Effect of in ovo glucose injection on the post hatch-growth, digestive organ development and blood biochemical profiles in broiler chickens. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 78(8):869-872.
4- Bigot, K., S. Mignon-Grasteau, M. Picard, and S. Tesseraud. 2003. Effects of delayed feed intake on body, intestine, and muscle development in neonate broilers. Poultry Science, 82(5): 781-788.
5- Careghi, C., K. Tona, O. Onagbesan, J. Buyse, E. Decuypere, and V. Bruggeman. 2005. The effects of the spread of hatch and interaction with delayed feed access after hatch on broiler performance until seven days of age. Poultry Science, 84(8): 1314-1320.
6- Chamani, M., S. Tasharrofi, F. Forudi, A. Sadeghi, and M. Aminafshar. 2012. Evaluation the effects of in-ovo injection of different nutrients on hatch percentage, performance and carcass parameters of broilers. Annals of Biological Research. 3(7).
7- Christensen, V., J. Grimes, W. Donaldson, S. Lerner. 2000. Correlation of body weight with hatchling blood glucose concentration and its relationship to embryonic survival. Poultry Science, 79(12): 1817-1822.
8- Dibner, J., and J. Richards. 2004. The digestive system: Challenges and opportunities. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 13(1): 86-93.
9- Dibner, J., C. Knight, M. Kitchell, C. Atwell, A. Downs, and F. Ivey. 1998. Early feeding and development of the immune system in neonatal poultry. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 7(4): 425-436.
10- Dibner, J., J. Richards, and C. Knight. 2008. Microbial imprinting in gut development and health. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 17(1): 174-188.
11- Dos Santos, T., A. Corzo, M. Kidd, C. McDaniel, R. Torres Filho, and L. Araujo. 2010. Influence of in ovo inoculation with various nutrients and egg size on broiler performance. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 19(1): 1-12.
12- Ebrahimnezhad, Y., M. Salmanzadeh, H. Aghdamshahryar, R. Beheshti, and H. Rahimi. 2011. The effects of in ovo injection of glucose on characters of hatching and parameters of blood in broiler chickens. Annals of Biological Research, 2(3): 347-351.
13- Geyra, A., Z. Uni, and D. Sklan. 2001a. Enterocyte dynamics and mucosal development in the posthatch chick. Poultry Science, 80: 776-782.
14- Geyra, A., Z. Uni, and D. Sklan. 2001b. The effect of fasting at different ages on growth and tissue dynamics in the small intestine of the young chick. British Poultry Science, 86:53–61.
15- Hazelwood, R., and F. Lorenz. 1959. Effects of fasting and insulin on carbohydrate metabolism of the domestic fowl. American Journal of Physiology, 197(1): 47-51.
16- Herfiana, I. 2007. The effect of Glutamine, Dextrin and Its Combination Through In Ovo Feeding on Immune Response, Blood Profiles and The Carcass Composition of Male Broiler Chicken. MSc thesis, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia.
17- Høiby, M., A. Aulie, and P. O. Bjonnes. 1987. Anaerobic metabolism in fowl embryos during normal incubation. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 86(1): 91-94.
18- Hulet, R. 2007. Symposium: Managing the Embryo for Performance Managing Incubation. Poultry Science, 86(5): 1017-1019.
19- Kadam, M., S. Bhanja, A. Mandal, R. Thakur, P. Vasan, A. Bhattacharyya, and J. Tyagi. 2008. Effect of in ovo threonine supplementation on early growth, immunological responses and digestive enzyme activities in broiler chickens. British Poultry Science, 49(6): 736-741.
20- Keralapurath, M., A. Corzo, R. Pulikanti, W. Zhai, and E. Peebles. 2010. Effects of in ovo injection of L-carnitine on hatchability and subsequent broiler performance and slaughter yield. Poultry Science, 89(7): 1497-1501.
21- Kidd, M. T., J. W. Taylor, C. M. Page, B. D. Lott, and T. N. Chamblee. 2007. Hatchery feeding of starter diets to broiler chicks. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 16: 234- 239.
22- Leitao, R. A., N. S. M. Leandro, M. B. Cafe, J. H. Stringhini, A. A. Pedroso, and L. da Silva Chaves. 2008. Inoculaçao de glicose em ovos embrionados de frango de corte: parametros de incubaçao e desempenho inicial. Ciencia Animal Brasileira, 9(4):847-855.
23- Lopez, G., and S. Leeson. 1995. Response of broiler breeders to low-protein diets. 1. Adult breeder performance. Poultry Science, 74(4): 685-695.
24- Lu, J., J. McMurtry, and C. Coon. 2007. Developmental changes of plasma insulin, glucagon, insulin-like growth factors, thyroid hormones, and glucose concentrations in chick embryos and hatched chicks. Poultry Science, 86(4): 673-683.
25- Moore, D., P. Ferket, and P. Mozdziak. 2005. Early post-hatch fasting induces satellite cell self-renewal. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 142(3): 331-339.
26- Mousavi, S. N., M. Shivazad, M. Chamani, E. A. Sadeghi, and H. Lotfolahiyan. 2008. Study of in ovo feeding as an early nutrition method. Journal of Agricultural Science, 5: 417-425. (In Persian).
27- Noy, Y., and D. Sklan. 1999. Different types of early feeding and performance in chicks and poults. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 8(1): 16-24.
28- Noy, Y., and D. Sklan. 2001. Yolk and exogenous feed utilization in the posthatch chick. Poultry Science, 80(10): 1490-1495.
29- Ohta, Y., M. Kidd, and T. Ishibashi. 2001. Embryo growth and amino acid concentration profiles of broiler breeder eggs, embryos, and chicks after in ovo administration of amino acids. Poultry Science, 80(10): 1430-1436.
30- Ohta, Y., N. Tsushima, K. Koide, M. Kidd, and T. Ishibashi. 1999. Effect of amino acid injection in broiler breeder eggs on embryonic growth and hatchability of chicks. Poultry Science, 78(11): 1493-1498.
31- Ostaszewski, P., and S. Nissen. 1988. Effect of hyperglucagonemia on whole-body leucine metabolism in immature pigs before and during a meal. American Journal of Physiology, 254:372–377.
32- Pilarski, R., M. Bednarczyk, M. Lisowski, A. Rutkowski, Z. Bernacki, M. Wardeńska, and K. Gulewicz. 2005. Assessment of the effect of α-galactosides injected during embryogenesis on selected chicken traits. Folia Biologica, 53(2):13-20.
33- Salahi, A., S. N. Mousavi, F. Foroudi, M. M. Khabisi, and M. Norozi. 2011. Effects of in ovo injection of butyric acid in broiler breeder eggs on hatching parameters, chick quality and performance. Global Veterinaria, 7: 468-477.
34- SAS Institute. 2005. Statistical Analysis System, version 9.1 (release TS1M3). SAS Institute Inc., Cary North Carolina United States.
35- Shimi, A. 2001. Veterinary Immunology. Publications of the Veterinary Organization of Iran. (In Persian).
36- Tako, E., P. Ferket, and Z. Uni. 2004. Effects of in ovo feeding of carbohydrates and beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate on the development of chicken intestine. Poultry Science, 83(12): 2023-2028.
37- Tasharofi, S., and S. Rahimi. 2005. Effects of in ovo injection of nutrients on the growth of gastrointestinal and performance in broilers. Agricultural Sciences and Technology, 20(5): 111- 120. (In Persian).
38- Uni, Z., and R. Ferket. 2004. Methods for early nutrition and their potential. World's Poultry Science Journal, 60(01): 101-111.
39- Uni, Z., P. Ferket, E. Tako, and O. Kedar. 2005. In ovo feeding improves energy status of late-term chicken embryos. Poultry Science, 84(5): 764-770.
40- Uni, Z., S. Ganot, and D. Sklan. 1998. Posthatch development of mucosal function in the broiler small intestine. Poultry Science, 77: 75-82.
41- Vieira, S., and E. Moran. 1999. Effects of egg of origin and chick post-hatch nutrition on broiler live performance and meat yields. World's Poultry Science Journal, 55(02): 125-142.
42- Willemsen, H., M. Debonne, Q. Swennen, N. Everaert, C. Careghi, H. Han, and E. Decuypere. 2010. Delay in feed access and spread of hatch: importance of early nutrition. World's Poultry Science Journal, 66(02): 177-188.
43- Yegani, M., and D. R. Korver. 2008. Factors affecting intestinal health in poultry. Poultry Science, 87(10): 2052-2063.
44- Yi, G., G. Allee, C. Knight, and J. Dibner. 2005. Impact of glutamine and oasis hatchling supplement on growth performance, small intestinal morphology, and immune response of broilers vaccinated and challenged with Eimeria maxima. Poultry Science, 84(2): 283-293.
45- Zhai, W., D. Rowe, and E. Peebles. 2011a. Effects of commercial in ovo injection of carbohydrates on broiler embryogenesis. Poultry Science, 90(6): 1295-1301.
46- Zhai, W., P. Gerard, R. Pulikanti, and E. Peebles. 2011b. Effects of in ovo injection of carbohydrates on embryonic metabolism, hatchability, and subsequent somatic characteristics of broiler hatchlings. Poultry Science, 90(10): 2134-2143.
ارسال نظر در مورد این مقاله