تاثیر سطوح مختلف اسانس گیاه سیر(Allium sativum) بر شاخص های رشد، بقاء و برخی شاخص های خونی و بیوشیمیایی ماهی گورامی سه خال (Trichogaster trichopterus)

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی- سایر

نویسندگان

1 علوم کشاورزی و منایع طبیعی گرگان

2 دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

3 دانشگاه علوم و منابع طبیعی گرگان

4 دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران

چکیده

در این مطالعه، اثر سطوح مختلف اسانس گیاه سیر بعنوان یکی از مهم ترین گیاهان دارویی که می تواند تاثیر به سزایی در فیزیولوژی بدن داشته باشد بر شاخص های رشد، بقاء، پارامترهای خونی و بیوشیمیایی ماهی گورامی سه خال (Trichogaster trichopterus) مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. جیره های آزمایشی با سه سطح(سه تیمار وهر تیمار شامل سه تکرار) 10/0، 15/0و 20/0 گرم اسانس سیر بر کیلوگرم غذا و جیره شاهد تهیه شدند. ماهیان با میانگین وزنی 10/0± 33/4 گرم در آکواریوم های 70 لیتری که دما1±27، پی- اچ 5/0±8/7 و سختی آب 5/2 ± 299 بود نگهداری و به مدت 60 روز با جیره های آزمایشی تغذیه شدند و در پایان دوره شاخص های رشد، بقاء، شاخص های خون شناسی، گلوکز و پروتیئن سرم اندازه گیری شدند. نتایج حاصل نشان داد که رشد و ضریب تبدیل غذایی در تیمارهای آزمایشی در مقایسه با گروه شاهد صورت معنی داری به ترتیب افزایش و کاهش داشتند. میزان هماتوکریت، هموگلوبین، گلبول های سفید و قرمز خون در تیمارهای حاوی اسانس سیر به صورت معنی داری در مقایسه با گروه شاهد افزایش یافت. در حالی که اسانس سیر اثر معنی داری بر پارامترهای میانگین حجم گلبول، میانگین هموگلوبین گلبول و میانگین غلظت هموگلوبین گلبول نداشت. میزان پروتئین خون در تیمارهای تغذیه شده با اسانس سیر به صورت معنی داری افزایش و میزان گلوکز خون به صورت معنی داری نسبت به گروه شاهد کاهش یافت. با توجه به نتایج حاصل از این تحقیق می توان گفت که افزودن اسانس گیاه سیر می تواند نقش مثبتی در ارتقاء وضعیت عمومی، ایمنی و رشد ماهی گورامی سه خال داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of garlic (Allium sativum) extract on growth performance, survival rate, some hematological and biochemical indices of Gourami (Trichogaster trichopterus)

نویسندگان [English]

  • abdolreza jahanbakhshi 1
  • hamidreza ahmadnia motlagh 2
  • Mahsa Javadi Mousavi 3
  • Edris Rahimi kia 4
1 Department of Fishery, Faculty of Fisheries and Environment, Gorgan University of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources, Gorgan
2 gorgan university
3 Gorgan
4 Payam nur university of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Nowadays, the healthiness and high quality as well as quantity of aquatic are of great importance and the role of diet components is well recognized (20). Fish needs energy and nutrients in order to achieve desirable level of growth and development and reproduction (11). In recent years application of immune system stimuli has been widely adopted in order to enhance the immune system of fish and non-specific immune responses and protect against disease. So it seems that using stimulator of the immune system is the perfect solution for the control of aquatic animal diseases. Using chemical drugs and antibiotics in aquaculture have consequences, including the risk of pathogens resistant to these drugs, the drugs persistence in the meat and fish as well as environmental pollution. Taking herbs and medicinal plants such as garlic fraught with same effect as antibiotics can be served as an alternative to medications and antibiotics.

Materials and methods: In this study, 180 gourami fish with average weight 0.10 ± 4.33 were prepared from reproduction and breeding center of ornamental fish in Golestan province. To add the garlic oil to the diets, the standard meal was purchased from commercial fish feed company of Mazandaran province and were ground using a mortar. Then, garlic oil at levels of 0, 0.10, 0.15 and 0.20 g/kg was added to water and mixed. Fish were fed for 8-weeks in three times by 3% body weight per day at hours 8-14-20. Fish diets and their growth rate monitored by conducting bio-survey at the beginning and during the growth for,every 15 days. 10 fish were sampled from each replicate to take serum. After anesthesia using 0.7 ml 2-phenoxyethanol, fish were dried, and about 2 ml of blood was taken by cutting the tail. In hematology laboratory, number of white blood cells, red blood cells, hemoglobin and hematocrit were measured according to standard methods. Glucose levels and serum protein were measured by spectrophotometry using a diagnostic kit (Sigma, America). Data analysis was performed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) in SPSS software. Significant differences (P

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Feed Conversion Ratio
  • Glucose
  • Hematocrit
  • Protein
1- Abou-Zeid, S. 2002. The effect of some medical plant on reproductive and productive performance of Nile tilapia fish. Cairo University, Faculty of Agriculture, 2002. 212p. [Ph. D. Thesis].
2- Amini, M. 2006. Reproduction and breeding of ornamental fish: Tiger Barbie, swordtail, gourami, Angel, gold arvanay. Nagsh-e-mehr Publications. 220 p.
3- Blaxhall. P., and K. Daisley. 1973. Routine haematological methods for use with fish blood. Journal of Fish Biology, 5(6): 771-781.
4- Booke. H. E. 1964. A review of variations found in fish serum proteins. NY Fish Game Journal, 11(1): 47-57.
5- Coles. E. H. 1980. Veterinary Clinical Pathology, WB Saunders.
6- Diab. A., G. El-Nagar, and Y. Abd-El-Hady. 2002. Evaluation of Nigella sativa L (black seeds; baraka), Allium sativum (garlic) and BIOGEN as feed additives on growth performance and immunostimulants of O. niloticus fingerlings. Suez Canal Veterinary Medicine Journal, 2: 745-753.
7- Hunn. J., and I. Greer. 1991. Influence of sampling on the blood chemistry of Atlantic salmon. The Progressive Fish-Culturist, 53(3): 184-187.
8- Hussein, S. 1996. Electrophoretic pattern of serum protein and immunoglobulin level in chickens in relation of age. Benha Veterinary Medicine Journal, 7: 95-107.
9- Hussein, S., H. Abd-el-Maksoud and Azab. M. 2001. Certain biochemical effect of garlic oil on normal and experimentally induced hyperlipidemia in male albino rats. International Scientific Conference.
10- Jeong, H. G. and Y. W. Lee. 1998. Protective effects of diallyl sulfide on nitrosodimethylamine-induced immunosuppression in mice. Cancer letters, 134(1): 73-79.
11- Lavell, R. 1989. Nutrition and feeding of fish, Springer.
12- Martins, M., F. Moraes, D. Miyazaki, C. Brum, E. Onaka, J. Fenerick, and F. Bozzo. 2002. Alternative treatment for Anacanthorus penilabiatus (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae) infection in cultivated pacu, Piaractus mesopotamicus (Osteichthyes: Characidae) in Brazil and its haematological effects. Parasite (Paris, France), 9(2): 175-180.
13- New, M. B., and U. N. Wijkström. 2002. Use of fishmeal and fish oil in aquafeeds: further thoughts on the fishmeal trap. FAO Fisheries Circular (FAO).
14- Raa, J. 1996. The use of immunostimulatory substances in fish and shellfish farming. Revewe in Fish Science, 4(3): 229-288.
15- Shalaby, A, Y. Khattab, and A. Abdel Rahman. 2006. Effects of Garlic (Allium sativum) and chloramphenicol on growth performance, physiological parameters and survival of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases, 12(2): 172-201.
16- Stoskopf, M. K. 1993. Fish medicine, WB Saunders Company.
17- Svobodova, Z., Pravda, D., and Palackova, J., 1991. Unified methods of haematological examination of fish, Research Institute of fish culture and hydrobiology, 7(1): 61-70.
18- Tangestani, R., A, Alizadeh-dooghikalaei, E, Ebrahimi, and P. Zare. 2011. Effect of garlic essential oil as an immunostimulation hematological indices of juveniles beluga (Huso huso). Journal Veterinary Research, 66,3:209-216.
19- Thomson, M., and M. Ali. 2003. Garlic [Allium sativum]: a review of its potential use as an anti-cancer agent. current cancer drug target, 3(1): 67-81.
20- Yamamoto, T, T, Unuma, and T. Akiyama. 2000. The influence of dietary protein and fat levels on tissue free amino acid levels of fingerling rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquaculture, 182(3): 353-372.
21- Mandal, B, A, Mukherjee, and S. Banerjee. 2010. Growth and pigmentation development efficiencies in fantail guppy, Poecilia reticulata fed with commercially available feeds. Agriculture biology journal North America, 1(6): 1264-1267.
22- Khodadadi, M., R, Peyghan, and A. Hamidavi. 2012. The evaluation of garlic powder feed additive and its effect on growth rate of common carp, Cyprinus carpio, Iran journal medicine science, Vol. 6/No.2.
23- Bashtani, M., M, Tehrani, A, Naserian, and M. Fathi. 2013. Effect of different level jujube on feed intake, blood metabolites, production and composition milk fluffy Goats, Iranian Journal of Animal Science Research, Vol. 5, No. 2, p. 157-163.
24- Abdolahi zave, Z., A, Hassan abadi, and A. Golian. 2013. Addition of root Ferula diet on performance, intestinal microbiology and nutrient digestibility in broiler chickens, Iranian Journal of Animal Science Research, Vol. 5, No. 2, p. 112-118.