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مهدی جمالی فرزاد میرزائی آقجه قشلاق جمال سیف دواتی بهمن نویدشاد رضا سید شریفی رقیه ولی زاده یونجالی

چکیده

به منظور تعیین اثرات سطوح مختلف پروبیوتیک و اسیدآلی عملکرد، رشد اسکلتی، فعالیت تغذیه، فراسنجه­های خونی و ایمنی گوساله­های شیرخوار، آزمایشی با استفاده از 36 راس گوساله شیرخوار با میانگین وزنی 2±36 کیلوگرم در قالب طرح کاملا تصادفی با 9 تیمار و 4 تکرار، به مدت 75 روز انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل: 1- جیره پایه بدون افزودنی (شاهد)، 2- جیره پایه به اضافه 2 گرم پروبیوتیک در روز برای هر رأس ، 3- جیره پایه به اضافه 3 گرم پروبیوتیک در روز برای هر رأس ، 4- جیره پایه به اضافه 3 گرم اسیدآلی در روز برای هر رأس ، 5- جیره پایه به اضافه 5/4 گرم اسیدآلی در روز برای هر رأس ، 6- جیره پایه به اضافه 2 گرم پروبیوتیک و 3 گرم اسیدآلی در روز برای هر رأس ، 7- جیره پایه به اضافه 2 گرم پروبیوتیک و 5/4 گرم اسیدآلی در روز برای هر رأس ، 8- جیره پایه به اضافه 3 گرم پروبیوتیک و 3 گرم اسیدآلی در روز برای هر رأس و 9- جیره پایه به اضافه 3 گرم پروبیوتیک و 5/4 گرم اسیدآلی در روز برای هر رأس بودند. نتایج نشان داد که جیره­های آزمایشی اثر معنی­داری بر میانگین افزایش وزن روزانه  و وزن نهایی، و پارامترهای سلامتی داشته و باعث بهبود وضعیت سیستم ایمنی و وضعیت سلامتی گوساله­ها شدند. همچنین این مطالعه نشان داد که اضافه کردن پروبیوتیک، اسیدآلی و ترکیب این مواد افزودنی به شیر تاثیری بر رشد اسکلتی و رفتار تعذیه گوساله­های هلشتاین نداشت.


 

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

اسید آلی, پروبیوتیک, تغذیه, گوساله, هلشتاین

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ارجاع به مقاله
جمالیم., میرزائی آقجه قشلاقف., سیف دواتیج., نویدشادب., سید شریفیر., & ولی زاده یونجالیر. (2020). اثرات سطوح مختلف پروبیوتیک و اسیدآلی بر عملکرد، رشد اسکلتی، فعالیت تغذیه، فراسنجه-های خونی و ایمنی در گوساله¬های شیرخوار هلشتاین. پژوهشهای علوم دامی ایران, 12(3), 307-322. https://doi.org/10.22067/ijasr.v12i3.79924
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی - تغذیه نشخوارکنندگان