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مهدی قهرمانی اکبر تقی زاده علی حسین خانی حمید رضا میرزایی الموتی غلامعلی مقدم حمید پایا

چکیده

این پژوهش جهت بررسی تأثیر افزودن منابع مختلف چربی بر قابلیت هضم ظاهری، فراسنجه­های شکمبه و الگوی اسیدهای چرب شیر میش­های افشاری انجام شد. تعداد 50 رأس میش افشاری با میانگین وزن اولیه 29/9 ± 7/88 کیلوگرم در قالب یک طرح کاملاً تصادفی با پنج تیمار و 10 تکرار استفاده شد. جیره­های آزمایشی شامل؛ 1-جيره شاهد بدون مکمل چربی؛ 2-جيره حاوي 3 درصد پودر چربی محافظت شده اسیدهای چرب اشباع؛ 3-جيره حاوي 3 درصد مکمل نمک کلسیمی اسیدهای چرب امگا-6؛ 4-جيره حاوي 3 درصد نمک کلسیمی اسیدهای چرب امگا-3؛ 5-جيره حاوی 2 درصد پودر چربی محافظت شده اسیدهای چرب اشباع و 1 درصد فرآورده حاوي اسید لینولئیک مزدوج بود. خوراک مصرفی به طور روزانه و نمونه­برداری از آن جهت تعیین قابلیت هضم هفته­ای یک­بار انجام شد. رفتار خوراک خوردن، تعیین pH شکمبه، فرانسنجه­های شکمبه و نمونه­برداری از شیر جهت تعیین الگوی اسید چرب شیر بعد از زایش انجام شد. با افزودن منابع چربی ماده خشک مصرفی قبل از زایش کاهش و بعد از زایش افزایش پیدا کرد. قابلیت هضم ماده خشک و الیاف نامحلول در شوینده خنثی با افزودن منابع اسیدهای چرب اشباع کاهش پیدا کرد. رفتار خوراک خوردن و غلظت و نسبت اسیدهای چرب فرار و pH شکمبه تحت تأثیر منابع چربی قرار نگرفت. تیمار حاوی منبع اسیدهای چرب مزدوج باعث افزایش معنی­دار غلظت اسید لینولئیک مزدوج شیر شد، سایر منابع نیز بصورت عددی باعث افزایش این اسیدچرب شیر شدند. اثرات متفاوتی از منابع چربی بر ماده خشک مصرفی در پیش و پس از زایش مشاهده شد و منابع چربی باعث بهبود ماده خشک مصرفی بعد از زایش شد. افزودن منابع چربی باعث بهبود الگوی اسید چرب شیر شد.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

اسید لینولئیک, اواخر آبستنی, دوره انتقال, روغن پالم, روغن ماهی, میش

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ارجاع به مقاله
قهرمانیم., تقی زادها., حسین خانیع., میرزایی الموتیح. ر., مقدمغ., & پایاح. (2019). تاثیر تغذیه منابع مختلف چربی¬ در اواخر آبستنی و اوایل دوره شیردهی بر قابلیت هضم ظاهری، فراسنجه¬های شکمبه¬ای و الگوی تغییرات اسیدهای چرب شیر میش¬های افشاری. پژوهشهای علوم دامی ایران, 11(4), 437-449. https://doi.org/10.22067/ijasr.v11i4.78462
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی - تغذیه نشخوارکنندگان