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شهین ثابت سروستانی سید محمد حسینی همایون فرهنگ فر

چکیده

از آن­جا که دانش کافی درباره غلبه بر شرایط پرتنش طبیعی، با کمترین هزینه و بدون عوارض جانبی، در مرغ­های تخم‌گذار مسن وجود ندارد، دو آزمایش با هدف بررسی اثر عصاره گیاه چای ترش، به عنوان یک پاداکسیدان طبیعی، بر سامانه ایمنی، فراسنجه­های بیوشیمیایی خون، وضعیت پاداکسیدانی پلاسما و تعادل اکسیدانی مرغ­های تخم­گذار مسن در دوره‌های تولک و پس از تولک و نیز ارزیابی صفات عملکردی و کلسترول زرده تخم­مرغ­های تخم­گذار در مرحله دوم تولید (بعد از تولک) طراحی شد. بعد از تعیین خواص پاداکسیدانی در مرحله پیش آزمایش، هر یک از آزمايش­های اصلی با 200 قطعه مرغ تخم­گذار سویه های-لاین W-36 در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفي انجام گرفت. در هر دو آزمایش، 5 تیمار آزمایشی به ترتیب شامل جیره شاهد، جیره پایه به همراه 300  و 700 میلی­گرم در کیلوگرم عصاره برگ و جیره پایه با 300 و 700 میلی­گرم در کیلوگرم عصاره کاسبرگ­ بود. برخلاف دوره پس از تولک، تلاش برای افزایش پایداری اکسیداتیو در دوره تولک موفقیت­آمیز بود، به طوری که کاسبرگ چای ترش در سطوح 300 و 700 میلی­گرم در کیلوگرم تعادل اکسیدانی و ظرفیت کل پاداکسیدانی پلاسمای مرغ­های تخم­گذار تولک رفته را به طور معنی­داری بهبود بخشید. همچنین کاهش معنی­دار گلوکز، کلسترول و تری­گلیسرید خون در دوره پس از تولک  و کاهش معنی­دار کلسترول و تری­گلیسرید خون در دوره تولک به وسیله سطح 700 میلی­گرم در کیلوگرم عصاره برگ چای ترش مشاهده گردید. چای ترش بر صفات عملکردی و سامانه ایمنی تأثیر معنی­داری نداشت.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

تولک¬بری, تیترآنتی¬بادی, چای ترش, مالون¬دی¬آلدهید

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ارجاع به مقاله
ثابت سروستانیش., حسینیس. م., & فرهنگ فره. (2019). اثر عصاره گیاه چای ترش بر سامانه ایمنی، وضعیت پاداکسیدانی پلاسما، تعادل اکسیدانی و فراسنجه¬های عملکردی و بیوشیمیایی خون مرغ¬های تخم¬¬گذار مسن. پژوهشهای علوم دامی ایران, 12(1), 87-101. https://doi.org/10.22067/ijasr.v12i1.77717
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی- تغذیه طیور