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حمید تقوی عباسعلی ناصریان رضا ولی زاده احمد آسوده علیرضا حق پرست

چکیده

مهم­ترین عامل بازدارنده در استفاده از محصولات فرعی پسته در تغذیه دام، میزان بالای ترکیبات فنلی و تانن آن می­باشد. این مطالعه جهت بررسی اثرات عصاره حاوی تانن محصولات فرعی پسته بر قابلیت هضم ظاهری مواد مغذی، توازن نیتروژن و فراسنجه­های تخمیری شکمبه­ در نشخوارکنندگان انجام شد. تعداد 4 راس گوسفند نر بلوچی بالغ دارای فیستولای شکمبه­ای در قفس­هاي متابوليسمي انفرادي نگهداري شدند. عصاره آبی محصولات فرعی پسته پس از تغلیظ در 3 سطح برآورد شده جهت تأمین 2، 4 و 6 درصد تانن کل در جیره به داخل شکمبه تزریق شد. نتایج نشان داد که تزریق عصاره تاثیر معنی­داری بر مصرف خوراک، وزن بدن و قابلیت هضم ظاهری ماده خشک و پروتئین خام نداشت، اما سبب کاهش معنی­دار قابلیت هضم ظاهری ماده آلی، NDF و ADF، و افزایش زمان مصرف خوراک شد. با افزایش غلظت عصاره، pH و نسبت استات به پروپیونات مایع شکمبه به طور معنی­داری افزایش، و مقادیر نیتروژن آمونیاکی، پروپیونات، والرات و ایزو والرات مایع شکمبه به طور معنی­داری کاهش یافت. با تزریق عصاره، دفع نیترژن از طریق ادرار کاهش، ولی از طریق مدفوع و همچنین نیتروژن ابقا شده افزایش یافت. به­طور کلی نتایج آزمایش نشان داد که تزریق شکمبه­ای عصاره جهت تأمین 4 درصد جیره تانن کل ضمن حفظ قابلیت هضم ظاهری پروتئین خام، سبب بهبود توازن نیتروژن و ویژگی­های تخمیر شکمبه­ای گوسفندان شد.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

تانن, تخمیر شکمبه¬ای, قابلیت هضم ظاهری, نشخوارکنندگان

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ارجاع به مقاله
تقویح., ناصریانع., ولی زادهر., آسودها., & حق پرستع. (2020). اثر تزریق شکمبه¬ای عصاره آبی محصولات فرعی پسته بر توازن نیتروژن و فراسنجه¬های تخمیری شکمبه در گوسفندان نر بلوچی. پژوهشهای علوم دامی ایران, 12(2), 135-149. https://doi.org/10.22067/ijasr.v1397i1.73231
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی - تغذیه نشخوارکنندگان