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زهرا تهامی مصیب شلایی سید محمد حسینی

چکیده

این آزمایش به منظور بررسی اثر استفاده از مخلوط عصاره گیاهان دارویی در مقایسه با آنتی‌بیوتیک اکسی تتراسایکلین بر عملکرد، خصوصیات لاشه، متابولیت‌های خون و آنزیم‌های سرم خون جوجه‌های گوشتی سویه رأس 308 انجام گرفت. آزمایش در قالب طرح کاملا تصادفی با 5 تیمار، 4 تکرار و 8 قطعه جوجه خروس گوشتی در هر تکرار به مدت 42 روز انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل تیمارهای حاوی آنتی بیوتیک، 50، 100 و 200 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم جیره از مخلوط عصاره گیاهان دارویی فلفل، دارچین و پونه بود. نتایج نشان داد مصرف خوراک در 10-1 روزگی و ضریب تبدیل خوراک در کل دوره آزمایش تحت تأثیر افزودن 100 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم مکمل عصاره‌های گیاهی به طور معنی‌داری کاهش پیدا کرد. افزایش وزن بدن جوجه‌های گوشتی بوسیله تمام سطوح عصاره‌های گیاهی به طور معنی‌داری افزایش یافت. وزن نسبی سینه و بال‌ها تحت تأثیر 100 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم مکمل عصاره‌های گیاهی به طور معنی‌داری افزایش یافت. کلسترول سرم خون جوجه‌های گوشتی تحت تأثیر میزان 50 و 100 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم مکمل عصاره‌های گیاهی کاهش پیدا کرد و همچنین غلظت HDL سرم خون در سن 42 روزگی با مصرف تمام سطوح عصاره‌های گیاهی به طور معنی‌داری افزایش یافت. سطوح 50 و 100 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم مکمل عصاره‌های گیاهی باعث افزایش معنی‌دار پروتئین و گلوبولین سرم گردید. غلظت آنزیم AST نیز تحت تأثیر 100 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم مکمل عصاره‌های گیاهی به طور معنی‌داری کاهش پیدا کرد. نتایج به دست آمده از این مطالعه نشان می‌دهد استفاده از 100 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم مکمل مخلوط عصاره گیاهان دارویی فلفل، دارچین و پونه می‌تواند اثرات مفیدی بر عملکرد، خصوصیات لاشه، چربی‌های خون و آنزیم‌های سرم خون جوجه‌های گوشتی داشته باشد.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
تهامیز., شلاییم., & حسینیس. م. (2017). اثر استفاده از مخلوط عصاره گیاهان دارویی بر عملکرد، خصوصیات لاشه، متابولیت‌های سرم خون و فعالیت آنزیمی در جوجه‌های گوشتی. پژوهشهای علوم دامی ایران, 9(4), 446-460. https://doi.org/10.22067/ijasr.v9i4.59297
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی- تغذیه طیور