##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

سعدون محمدیان داریوش علیپور مهدی محمودی ابیانه

چکیده

هدف از این مطالعه بررسی برون تنی اثر 7 نوع جاذب الرطوبه‌ی مختلف بر کیفیت تخمیر سیلاژ حاوی تفاله‌ی سیب‌زمینی در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی بود. تیمارها عبارت بودند از: 100% تفاله سیب‌زمینی (شاهد)، 80% تفاله سیب‌زمینی و 20% سبوس، 80% تفاله سیب‌زمینی و 20% پسماند دم کشمش، 71% تفاله سیب‌زمینی و 29% کشمش وازده، 80% تفاله سیب‌زمینی و 20% تفاله انار، 80% تفاله سیب‌زمینی و 20% کاه گندم و 80% تفاله سیب‌زمینی و 20% چوب خوشه انگور. سیلوها پس از 74 روز جهت انجام آزمایش‌ها، باز شدند. افزودن جاذب الرطوبه به سیلاژ تفاله سیب‌زمینی به صورت معنی‌داری باعث افزایش ماده خشک، محتوای دیواره سلولی، ماده آلی، نقطه فلیگ و کاهش pH، پروتئین خام، کربوهیدرات محلول و ازت آمونیاکی شد. افزودن جاذب الرطوبه‌های مختلف مقدار تولید گاز طی 24 ساعت انکوباسیون و پتانسیل تولید گاز و قابلیت هضم را کاهش و سرعت تخمیر و تولید گاز را افزایش داد. نتایج نشان دادند که استفاده از جاذب های کشمش وازده، تفاله انار، دم کشمش و چوب خوشه انگور به ترتیب می تواند منجر به افزایش کیفیت سیلاژ حاوی تفاله سیب زمینی گردد.

جزئیات مقاله

مراجع
1- AOAC International. 2012. Official Methods of Analysis. 19th ed. AOAC International, Gaithersburg, MD.
2- Balabanli, C., Albayrak, S., Turk, M. and Yuksel, O. 2010. A research on determination of hay yields and silage qualities of some vetch + cereal mixtures. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 15(2): 204-209.
3- Blummel, M., A. Schroder, K. H. Sudekum, and K. Becker.1999. Estimating ruminal microbial efficiencies in silage‐fed cattle: comparison of an in vitro method with a combination of in situ and in vivo measurements. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 81(2): 57-67.
4- Blummel, M., H. P. S. Makkar, and K. Becker. 1997. In vitro gas production: A technique revisited. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition,77: 24-34.
5- David, L., L. Fingenchou, and J. P. Marais. 1990. Spectrophotometric method for the determination of micro quantities of lactic acid in biological material. Analytical Biochemistry, 195: 308-312.
6- Dehority, B.A. 2003. Rumen Microbiology. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK.
7- Denek, N. and A. Can. Feeding value of wet tomato pomace ensiled with wheat straw and wheat grain for Awassi sheep. Small Ruminant Research, 2006, 65(3): 260-265.‏
8- Dickey, H.C., H.A. Leonard, S.D. Musgrave and P. S. Young. 1971. Nutritive characteristics of dried potato by product meal for ruminants. Journal of Dairy Science, 54: 876- 879.
9- Faitfull, N. T. 2002. Method in agricultural Chemical Analysis: a Practical Handbook. CAB International. pp: 304.
10- FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Website: http://www.faostat.fao.org
11- France, J., J. Dijkstra, M. S. Dhanoa, S. Lopez, and A. Bannink. 2000. Estimating the extent of degradation of ruminant feeds from a description of their gas production profile observed in vitro: derivation of models and other mathematical considerations. British Journal of Nutrition, 83:143-50.
12- Getachew, G., H.P.S. Makkar and K. Becker, 2000. Stoichiometric relationship between short chain fatty acid and in vitro gas production in presence and absence of polyethylene glycol
for tannin containing browses, EAAP Satelite Symposium, Gas production: Fermentation kinetics for feed evaluation and to assess microbial activity, 18-19.
13- Groot, J.C.J., J.W. Cone., B.A. Williams and E.A. Lantinga, 1996. Multiphasic analysis of gas production kinetics for in vitro fermentation of in vitro fermentation of ruminant feeds. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 64:77–89.
14- Jalc, D. and A. Lauková. 2001. Effect of nisin and monensin on rumen fermentation in the artificial rumen. Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift, 115(1-2): 6-10.‏
15- Kaiser, A.G., J.W. Pilitz. H.M. Bums and N.W. Griffiths. 2004. Successful silage. Second edition. ISBN: 0734715835.
16- Keskun, B and U.H. Yilmaz. 2005. Effects of urea or urea plus molasses supplementation to silages with different sorghum Varieties harvested at the quality and In vitro dry matter digestibility of silages. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal science, 29: 1143-1147.
17- Khorvash, M., D. Colombatto, K.A. Beauchemin, G.R. Ghorbani and A. Samei, 2006. Use of absorbants and inoculants to enhance the quality of corn silage. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 86: 97- 107.
18- Lisitra, G., T.M. Hernandes and P.J. Van soest. 1996. Standardization of procedure for nitrogen fractionation of ruminant feed. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 57: 347-358.
19- Mayer, F. and J. O. Hilleberand. 1997. Potato pulp: microbiological characterization, physical modification and application of this agricultural waste product. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 48: 435- 440.
20- Menke, K.H. and H. Steingass. 1988. Estimation of the energetic feed value obtained from chemical analyses and gas production using rumen fluid. Animal Research and Development, 28: 7-55.
21- Menke, K.H., and H. Steingass. 1979. Estimation of the energetic feed value obtained from chemical analysis and in vitro gas production using rumen fluid. Animal Research and Development, 28: 7-55.
22- Okine, A., M. Hanada, Y. Aibibula and M. Okamoto, 2005. Ensiling of potato pulp with or without bacterial inoculants and its effect on fermentation quality, nutrient composition and nutritive value. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 121: 329-343.
23- Ozkul, H., Kilic, A., Polat, M. 2011. Evaluation of mixtures of certain market wastes as silage. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 24(9): 1243-1248.‏
24- Patra, A K., and J. Saxena. 2011. Exploitation of dietary tannins to improve rumen metabolism and ruminant nutrition. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 91(1): 14-37.
25- Pettersson, K. and S. Lindgren. 1989. The influence of the carbohydrate fraction and additives on silage quality. Grass Forage Science, 45:223.
26- Seglar, B. 2003. Fermentation Analysis and Silage Quality Testing. Global Agronomy and Nutritional Science.
27- Sugimoto, M., W. Saito, M. Ool, Y. Sato and T. Saito, 2009. The effects of inclusion levers urea-treated potato pulp silage in concentrate and roughage sources on finishing performance and carcass quality in cull beef cows beef cows. Journal of Animal Science, 80: 280- 285.
28- Thompson, M.D., H.J. Thompson, J.N. McGinley, E.S. Neil, D.K. Rush, D.G. Holm, and C. Stushnoff. 2009. Functional food characteristics of potato cultivars (Solanum tuberosum): phytochemical composition and inhibition of meyyl-l-nirosourea induced breast cancer in rate. Journal of Food Composition an Analysis, 22: 571- 576.
29- Vercoe, P.E., H.P.S. Makkar, and A.C. Schlink. 2010. In vitro Screening of Plant Resources for Extra-Nutritional Attributes in Ruminants: Nuclear and Related Methodologies. IAEA, Dordrecht, the Netherlands, Pp: 107–144.
30- Wischer, G., J. Boguhn, H. Steingaß, M. Schollenberger, K, Hartung and Rodehutscord. 2013. Effect of monensin on in vitro fermentation of silages and microbial protein synthesis. Archives of animal nutrition, 67(3): 219-234.‏
31- Yahaya, M.S., M. Kawai, J. Takashashi, S. Matsuoka, M. Goto, and S. Karita. 2003. Effect of prolonging the time prioer to filling into the silo on degradation and digestibility of structural carbohydrates of orchard grass. Journal of Animal and veterinary Advances, 2(3): 133-137.
32- Zhang, W. W., Y. G. Zhang and Z. Liu, 2012. Effect of different absorbents on fermentation quality of wet potato pulp. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 22: 4230- 4235.
ارجاع به مقاله
محمدیانس., علیپورد., & محمودی ابیانهم. (2016). اثر جاذب کننده‌های مختلف رطوبت بر کیفیت تخمیر سیلاژ حاوی تفاله ی مرطوب سیب‌زمینی. پژوهشهای علوم دامی ایران, 8(2), 248-257. https://doi.org/10.22067/ijasr.v8i2.47506
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی - تغذیه نشخوارکنندگان