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نسیم بیدار احمد حسن آبادی حسن نصیری مقدم مهدی وریدی محمد محسن زاده

چکیده

در این آزمایش اثر افزودن سطوح مختلف اسانس اسطوخودوس Lavandula angustifolia)) به جیره بر عملکرد، فراسنجه‌های خونی و قابلیت هضم ایلئومی مواد مغذی در جوجه‌های گوشتی مطالعه گردید. برنامه تغذیه شامل جیره آغازین از 1 تا 10 روزگی، جیره رشد از 11 تا 24 روزگی و جیره پایانی از 25 تا 42 روزگی بود. پنج تیمار آزمایشی عبارت بودند از: تیمار شاهد، افزودن ویرجینیامایسین 10% به جیره) 50 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم( و سه سطح اسانس اسطوخودوس (350، 525 و700 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم). جوجه‌های تیمار حاوی ویرجینیامایسین در سن 42 روزگی بیشترین مصرف خوراک را داشتند و پس از آن جوجه‌های تغذیه شده با جیره‌های حاوی 525 و700 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم اسانس اسطوخودوس قرار داشتند. بیشترین افزایش وزن در کل دوره مربوط به جیره حاوی ویرجینیامایسین و کمترین افزایش وزن مربوط به جیره شاهد بود. در سن 28 روزگی کمترین میزان کلسترول خون در تیمار حاوی350 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم اسانس مشاهده شد که با تیمار آنتی بیوتیک اختلاف معنی‌داری داشت. همچنین جیره‌های حاوی اسانس اسطوخودوس باعث کاهش لیپوپروتئین با چگالی بالا سرم نسبت به جیره‌های حاوی ویرجینیامایسین و شاهد شدند. اثرات معنی‌داری بر ضریب تبدیل غذایی، تری گلیسرید، لیپوپروتئین با چگالی پایین، لیپوپروتئین با چگالی خیلی پایین سرم و قابلیت هضم مواد مغذی مشاهده نگردید. بر طبق نتایج این آزمایش اسانس اسطوخودوس باعث بهبود نتایج عملکردی در حد آنتی‌بیوتیک نگردید، اما استفاده از آن می‌تواند اثرات مثبتی بر مصرف خوراک، افزایش وزن و کاهش کلسترول داشته باشد، هر چند تحقیقات بیشتری در این زمینه مورد نیاز است.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
بیدارن., حسن آبادیا., نصیری مقدمح., وریدیم., & محسن زادهم. (2017). اثر اسانس اسطوخودوس بر عملکرد، فراسنجه‌های خونی و قابلیت هضم در جوجه‌های گوشتی. پژوهشهای علوم دامی ایران, 9(3), 328-339. https://doi.org/10.22067/ijasr.v9i3.41088
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی- تغذیه طیور