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سید احسان غیاثی رضا ولی زاده عباسعلی ناصریان

چکیده

به منظور بررسی اثر روغن سویای اکسید شده در تقابل با نقش آنتی‌اکسیدانی هسته انار بر متابولیسم و فیزیولوژی بز های سانن در دوره انتقال، تعداد 18 راس بز شیری سانن با میانگین وزنی 9 ± 47 کیلوگرم، در قالب طرح کاملا تصادفی با نمونه برداری‌های تکرار شده در زمان، در بازه زمانی 21 روز قبل از زایش مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. تیمار‌های آزمایشی شامل 1)جیره پایه و 4 درصد روغن خام تازه سویا ، 2) جیره پایه و 4 درصد، روغن خام اکسید شده سویا و 3) جیره پایه و به ترتیب 4 و 8 درصد، روغن خام اکسید شده سویا و هسته انار بر مبنای ماده خشک بود. نتایج نشان داد که قابلیت هضم ریز مغذی‌ها، نیتروژن آمونیاکی شکمبه و مصرف اختیاری خوراک در اثر تیمار‌های 2 و 3 نسبت به سایر تیمار‌ها به ترتیب به طور معنی‌داری کاهش و افزایش یافت. شاخص اسیدیته ادرار به طور معنی‌داری (05/0P<) در اثر تیمار 3 کاهش و حجم ادرار در اثر تیمار 2 افزایش (05/0P<) یافت. رطوبت و حجم گلوله مدفوع در اثر تیمار 2 کاهش معنی‌داری (05/0P<) نشان داد. غلظت هورمون 3T و کراتینین در اثر تیمار های 2 و 3 به طور معنی‌داری نسبت به تیمار 1 کاهش (05/0P<) و غلظت گلوکز به ترتیب در تیمار 2 نسبت به 1کاهش (05/0P<) و در تیمار 3 نسبت به 2 افزایش معنی‌داری (05/0P<) داشت. متابولیسم انواع کلسترول در اثر تیمار‌های 2 و3 نسبت به تیمار 1 تغییرات معنی‌داری نشان داد. به طور کلی روغن اکسید شده باعث استرس اکسیداتیو و هسته انار با دو مکانیسم آنتی‌اکسیدانی و هورمونی باعث بهبود فراسنجه‌های متابولیکی و فیزیولوژیکی گردید.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
غیاثیس. ا., ولی زادهر., & ناصریانع. (2016). اثر تغذیه روغن سویای اکسید شده در تقابل با نقش آنتی اکسیدانی هسته انار بر فیزیولوژی و متابولیسم بزهای سانن در دوره انتقال. پژوهشهای علوم دامی ایران, 8(1), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.22067/ijasr.v8i1.21117
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی - تغذیه نشخوارکنندگان